Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica

The sight I was most excited to visit in Montreal was Notre-Dame Basilica. I had seen numerous pictures of it and its interior looked spectacular. Seeing it in person did not disappoint.

The basilica faces the Place d’Armes, which seemed a popular hang out place for both tourists and locals. While there is an admission fee ($5 Canadian) I didn’t mind it as it goes towards the upkeep of the basilica. When you think $5 to visit such a spectacular venue versus $10 to visit a mediocre attraction (i.e. the Chateau Ramezay-a post on this will be coming soon), I’m more than happy to pay such an amount.

Although a church has operated on the site of the basilica since the late 17th century, the present day basilica was not finished until 1888. It was designed by an Irish-American Protestant from New York, James O’Donnell, who had been commissioned to design it after the congregation of Notre-Dame had outgrown its former space. He was a proponent of the Gothic Revival movement and designed the church as such. O’Donnell converted to Catholicism on his deathbed and remains to this day the only person buried in the church’s crypt.

While the outside of the basilica is somewhat understated when compared with its Parisian name equivalent, its interior will literally shock you with its grandness. But back to the outside-the basilica features a Gothic Revival design and is considered to be one of the most dramatic in the world. Three statues adorn the facade of the church: the Virgin Mary represents the city of Montreal, the statue of John the Baptist represents the province of Quebec, and the statue of St. Joseph represents the nation of Canada.

I have visited numerous “cathedral/basilica greats” during my travels but no interior has ever impressed me as much as the one in Montreal. Its ceiling is a deep blue and embellished with gold stars. The rest of the sanctuary features a multicolored array of blues, azures, reds, purples, silver, and gold. It’s also adorned with hundreds of intricate wooden carvings which greatly reminded me of the Moorish influences I’ve seen in the Iberian Peninsula. I learned from the information brochure that its stained glass windows do not depict biblical scenes, as is often the case, but rather scenes from the religious history of Montreal. These I found particularly interesting since it was like nothing I had ever seen before.

Although with the unique interior, from a visual stance, one can’t possibly ignore the grandiose “elephant” int the room, the 32-foot pipe organ which was completed in 1891. It was also the first organ with adjustable combination pedals to be operated by electricity. Sadly there was no organ music during my visit but I can only imagine how marvelous it must be to hear it in such an expansive space.

When we were there we actually saw a cascade of limousines parked on the side street adjacent to the church. It was only when we got to the front on Rue Notre Dame that we saw a Rolls Royce parked and a bride to be sitting in the car. As we were touring the church she and her father walked to an area in the back and she looked gorgeous. While it was a sweltering day and obviously no air-conditioning inside the church, I didn’t envy her that but her ceremony venue I sure did.

My favorite part of the church were the bells. High above the statues that I mentioned are two towers. The western tower, nicknamed “Perseverance,” contains one of the largest church bells in North America. The “Jean Baptiste” (John the Baptist) bell weighs in at 11 tons and is only rung on special occasions. The eastern tower, called “Temperance,” houses a carillon of 10 bells which are loud enough to be heard throughout the Old Town. On two instances we heard the bells beautifully playing and honestly, it was one of my favorite travel moments in a long time. Even though I was in a modern city, it sounded straight out of a European village.

Some may make the claim that after a while, a church is just a church. But truly, the interior at Notre-Dame Basilica is one of the most interesting and stunning spaces I have ever seen.

Things to Remember
-If you’re attending Mass no admission fee is required
-Tours are offered in both English and French throughout the day
-A sound and light show called “Let There Be Light” is offered nightly at the church 

More in this series!
Montreal, Canada-a sneak peek
Montreal’s Atwater Market
Vieux Montreal-a photoessay
Montreal’s Mount Royal Park
Hotel Review-Hotel Nelligan
Chateau Ramezay
Restaurant Review-Bonaparte 
Osteria Venti-restaurant review
Quebecoise Poutine
Quebec-not your typical Canadian experience
Montreal trip tips  

You Might Also Like


  • Reply
    Jo Ann M.
    July 29, 2013 at 10:20 pm

    Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica is truly spectacular! Although elegant, as you said, the exterior does not prepare you for what is inside. I’m sure their goal was to impress worshipers and they’ve certainly succeeded!

    The interior vaulting, colors, wooden carvings & details are exquisite! The staircase & pulpit are magnificent!

    Your photos are gorgeous as usual!

    I always enjoy hearing something about the architects of buildings like this. Thanks for including that info. Was he also responsible for most of the interior details?

  • Reply
    the red headed traveler
    July 30, 2013 at 1:58 am

    I had seen pictures of the interior before visiting but nothing really prepared me for the sheer majesty of it! Yes, the staircase and pulpit were probably my favorite parts since they’re not always found in churches.

    I think O’Donnell was actually more responsible for just the exterior. If I remember correctly I think a Quebecois designed the interior although I would need to double check.

    But it was definitely my favorite sight that I saw when there!

  • Reply
    August 4, 2013 at 8:22 pm

    That interior is certainly remarkable! I would say that is worth the $5 admission. It’s funny how the exterior isn’t that ornate but inside it explodes with details.

  • Reply
    the red headed traveler
    August 6, 2013 at 11:27 pm

    An explosion of details is such a great way to describe it! It was definitely my favorite sight in Montreal. Would love to hear an organ concert there one day.

  • Reply
    Hotel Review-Hotel Nelligan (Montreal, Canada) | My great WordPress blog
    May 4, 2014 at 1:18 am

    […] in this series!Montreal, Canada-a sneak peekMontreal’s Atwater Market Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica Vieux Montreal-a photo essay Montreal’s Mount Royal ParkChateau Ramezay-attraction […]

  • Reply
    Vieux Montréal- a photo essay | My great WordPress blog
    May 4, 2014 at 1:18 am

    […] in this series!Montreal, Canada-a sneak peekMontreal’s Atwater Market Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica Hotel Review-Hotel Nelligan Montreal’s Mount Royal ParkRestaurant […]

  • Reply
    Restaurant Review-Bonaparte (Montreal, Canada) - The Red Headed Traveler
    May 15, 2014 at 5:06 pm

    […] in this series! Montreal, Canada-a sneak peek Montreal’s Atwater Market  Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica  Vieux Montreal-a photo essay  Hotel Nelligan-a review  Montreal’s Mount Royal […]

  • Reply
    Restaurant Review-Osteria Venti (Montreal, Canada) - The Red Headed Traveler
    May 18, 2014 at 1:49 pm

    […] Canada   More in this series! Montreal, Canada-a sneak peek Montreal’s Atwater Market  Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica  Vieux Montreal-a photo essay  Hotel Nelligan-a review  Montreal’s Mount Royal Park   […]

  • Reply
    Montreal's Atwater Market - The Red Headed Traveler
    July 1, 2014 at 2:28 pm

    […] in this series! Montreal, Canada-a sneak peek Vieux Montreal-a photo essay Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica  Montreal’s Mount Royal Park Hotel Review-Hotel Nelligan Restaurant Review-Bonaparte Chateau […]

  • Reply
    The highs and lows of an Alaskan cruise - The Red Headed Traveler
    June 11, 2017 at 9:36 am

    […] conditions they endured was fascinating. It really pleases me that I’m seeing much more of Canada,  considering for the longest time I had only ever been to Toronto. My day in the Yukon also has me […]

Leave a Reply

CommentLuv badge

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.